Our physiological function and emotional response are controlled by the communication between the central nervous system (consisting of the brain and spinal cord) and the peripheral nervous system (consisting of the sensory nerves). Any disruption in this communication or nerve impulses from the brain to muscles could affect muscle control and limb function adversely. This, in turn, leads to loss of coordination, muscle weakness and other physical impairments which could gradually progress to paralysis. An effective stroke rehabilitation program is thus crucial for paralysis cure.
Paralysis occurs due to the damage to the nervous system or injury to the spinal cord. Sometimes even a stroke can be the underlying cause of paralysis whereby the brain is deprived of oxygen and this leads to neurological malfunctions.
There is no certified treatment for paralysis cure. However, physiotherapy can go a long way in normalizing the patient’s limb function and muscle strength. Physiotherapy for paralysis is one of the best treatments as the exercises are aimed towards enhancing the mobility and functionality of the person. Experienced physiotherapists assess the physiological and physical condition of the patient and then come up with physical training that best befits their situation.
New modes of paralysis cure have arisen with the rapid progress of robotics rehabilitation. Physiotherapy for paralysis is beneficial as patients are trained to relearn various physical activities and live their life with the least or no dependence.
TYPES OF PARALYSIS
Monoplegia- This affects only one arm or leg.
Hemiplegia– This affects one arm and one leg on the same side of the body.
Paraplegia- Both the legs are affected.
Quadriplegia—Both arms and legs on both sides are affected.
ROLE OF PHYSIOTHERAPY FOR PARALYSIS TREATMENT
- In paralysis treatment, physiotherapy is advantageous for the body as it improves blood circulation and enhances the power of muscles.
- Physiotherapy for paralysis is aimed at augmenting the mobility of the patient and especially the affected limb.
- The exercises are also aimed at improving the respiratory function of the patient.
- Through systematic physiotherapy for paralysis, pressure sores and contracture can be prevented. Pressure sores occur when a patient is bedridden for a prolonged period of time, which is normally the case in paralysis.
- By working on the affected limbs, physiotherapy can keep the deformity of limbs and joint pains at bay.
- Physiotherapy training also involves the management and control of bladder function.
- The patient is often given a wheelchair that grants them partial independence and the chance to integrate with the rest of the community.
- Moreover, these sessions also educate the patient as well as the family about their current medical condition and forewarn them about certain complications, if ever it arises.
In paralysis treatment, physiotherapy is very important. Under stroke rehabilitation programs for paralysis, patients are given detailed care and support for overall improvement. This helps in building up the morale of the patient and adaptive equipment such as a splint, orthosis, braces, canes are provided for. Only through a quality stroke rehabilitation program patients can deal with post-traumatic issues such as anxiety, depression, denial, anger; and can also acquire physical confidence.