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Managing and Preventing Secondary Complications in Stroke Patients

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text] Secondary complications post an acute stroke episode can have immense impact on recovery, rehabilitation and, most importantly, quality of life of the patient during and post rehabilitation. They can be quite frequent and studies have confirmed that as many as 60% of patients in their rehabilitation phase acquire them. Therefore, medical observation and inputs during the inpatient rehabilitation phase is very important for ensuring the recovery and rehabilitation of the patient post the acute phase. Some complications can arise as a direct result of the injury the brain sustained during the stoke episode. Others can be caused due to the physical and neurological changes that can limit the previous physical and cognitive abilities of the patient. For example, persistent shoulder pain as a result of paralysis of an arm which can no longer support the shoulder. Some common secondary complications are - Seizures Aphasia Brain edema Pneumonia Cognitive Impairment Urinary tract infection Bedsores Deep venous thrombosis Clinical Depression Rehabilitation principles followed post the acute episode will dictate how the patient will come to cope with the changes and disabilities as well as prevent further complications. The end goal of rehabilitation process is to ensure that the patient recovers back...
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ARMEO Therapy: A Brief Insight About The Working Of This Ergonomic Device

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text] Regaining active movement and improving overall bodily function are some of the primary aspects of rehabilitation. Assisting patients in performing regular tasks with considerable ease is another important motive for rehab specialists. Such experts have to work with patients who might have suffered from a road accident or a slip and fall incident. Such accidents can have an immense impact on their brain or spine and can even lead to some other complex neurological condition. Most incidents also impact the upper extremities of patients and for this reason, rehabilitation becomes an absolute necessity for them! ARMEO therapy is one such effective tool that aids patients in improving the function and movement of their arms and hands. Interestingly, the exercises in this equipment are self-directed and self-initiated. What is ARMEO? This equipment is essentially a rehabilitation exoskeleton which provides intensive arm rehabilitation to patients. These patients might have difficulty in moving their arms or hands actively because of a neurological injury or disorder. With this advanced equipment, patients can practice movement and activities essential for their daily life and therapy progress. Research by experts also indicates that ARMEO Therapy aids in better and faster recovery of upper extremities when compared...
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The Role of Occupational Therapist in Rehabilitation

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text] The primary aim of rehabilitation is to ensure that patients lead an independent and contented life. Patients often seek rehabilitative care, after their visit to the hospital, so that they can regain independence. With occupational therapy, recovering and developing skills required for performing activities of daily living independently or with minimal assistance becomes possible. Occupational therapy can be immensely beneficial for patients who are recovering from spinal cord injuries, stroke, traumatic brain injuries, patients having developmental delays, and patients undergoing upper limb surgeries. Some of the positive aspects when it comes to this intensive rehabilitation therapy are mentioned below – The patients first receive therapy that helps in recovery of functions in weak upper limbs. Patients, in whom regaining function in upper limbs is not possible, are taught compensatory techniques to perform their functions with the better hand with the use of assistive devices. Therapists help patients to adapt and work in different environments and settings. Aiding patients in engaging and adapting themselves in varied activities is essential for the rehab specialists. Children having developmental issues and who are affected by behavioral issues like autism and attention deficit hyperactive disorder are immensely benefitted by sensory integration techniques, applied behavioral...
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Points to consider for choosing the right Mobility Assistive Device

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text] Mobility Assisting Equipment like crutches, walkers, canes, electronic and manual wheelchairs are an essential part of rehabilitation. Be it a severe neurological condition or an orthopedic injury, rehabilitation experts will prescribe patients the appropriate mobility device for early and safe mobility of the patient. This vital piece of equipment is important for the health and independence of patients. The selection of this equipment depends on certain factors based on the patient’s – Cognitive aspects Current functional status Past and current medical history Recent changes in their medical condition The rehab team will select the optimal mobility assistive device for patients, after considering the environment in which they will be using it. Taking into consideration the patient’s mobility limitations and their impact on activities of daily living, here are a few essential points - Physicians will assess and examine patient’s strength and range of motion of his joints. This is because cases of spasticity, joint abnormalities, weakness, and contractures affect their ability to ambulate and transfer safely. A crutch, cane , or walker is advised after taking in account the height , strength of upper extremity muscles and available range of motion of joints . Crucial features of the wheelchair...
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Understanding the Varied Aspects of Pressure Sores or Bed Sores

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text] Pressure sores are a common problem for patients who have been immobilized for a long period of time. These sores are  wounds on body where too much pressure is put on the skin surface. Such pressure injuries usually occur on pressure bearing areas of the body. It is also essential to understand that these wounds are not accidental and can be quite painful and have overall inhibitory affect on the recovery of the patient. Hence, it becomes essential to know the symptoms, causes and treatment aspects of these wounds. Identify the signs – The first warning sign can be erythema or reddened skin which appears in skin areas sustaining maximum pressure from either a wheelchair cushion or bed mattress. It is very important to identify the location of these pressure sores, as well. Such wounds mainly occur in areas like occiput, elbows, shoulder blades, hip, lower back, heels, internal and anterior part of the knee. Medical attention becomes necessary as soon as a non subsiding erythema sets in. If the wound starts darkening and is accompanied with the presence of drainage and dead tissue, consult the healthcare provider immediately. Know the causes – Physical factors are among the primary...
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Benefit of Rehabilitation for Spinal Injuries

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text] Any damage to the spinal cord can be detrimental for your health. It can result in considerable loss of different functions be it sensation, tone and power of muscles, bladder and bowel dysfunctions. Hence, it becomes necessary to ensure proper and timely treatment. This is because the usage of correct techniques for treating the patient can accelerate the recovery and result in a better outcome. With a robust, patient-centric rehab program, ensuring the successful transition of patients from the hospital to their routine life becomes easy. Specialists always recommend that a proper, well-tailored rehabilitation program is necessary for improving the patient’s life. Below mentioned are the benefits of rehabilitation for Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) patients – Physical therapy is an integral part of the rehabilitation program. It helps in facilitating the restoration of flexibility and muscle strength. The program also aids in improving mobility, coordination, maintaining body functions and early ambulation of the affected individual. Occupational therapy is also a vital aspect as it enable patients in getting back to an independent lifestyle. This therapy encourages patients in performing daily tasks like bathing, dressing, going to the toilet, transfer in and out of bed and using aids etc. Prevention...
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Understanding the Acute Phase of a Cardiac Rehab Program

[vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text] An intensive and structured cardiac rehabilitation program always helps patients in regaining optimal fitness. These programs become essential especially after a patient suffers from a heart attack or other cardiac problems. The team of therapists will help in improving your functional disability along with decreasing additional risk factors. Before opting for an inclusive and integrated rehabilitation plan, it is important to know more about the acute phase. It primarily comprises of the cardiac rehabilitation’s initial stage. It begins immediately after the patient has suffered from a cardiac event. This phase include – Assessment for inpatient cardiac rehab program.  Evaluation for exercise testing.  Medical therapy. Occupational therapy. Classifying risk of cardiac events during exercise. Cardio pulmonary exercise training with monitoring, prescribing safe exercises which aid in improving mobility and overall cardiac fitness. Such exercises often entail self-care and range-of-motion exercises for patients. As these rehab plans are inclusive and patient-centric, the involvement of family becomes mandatory. In this case, family members are educated about the patient’s condition, the probable benefits and risks of rehabilitative therapy. Helping patients engage in activities which they can perform in regular life is a vital aspect of cardiac rehabilitation programs. Educating patients and their family...
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Taking Care of Orthopedic Injuries & Trauma With Rehabilitation

Orthopedic trauma is not uncommon or unheard of! Be it a sports related injury or a slip and fall accident, such mishaps can put a halt to your regular activities. Even after being careful and taking precautionary methods for preventing injuries, you might end up getting hurt. By responding appropriately to your injuries, you can get back to routine life, as early as possible. If the wounds and discomfort are serious, then opting for a comprehensive rehabilitation program might work wonders for you! Here are a few important points to keep in mind – Too much exertion on the affected areas will only cause more discomfort. If you experience unnecessary muscle fatigue or throbbing in the injured area, then stop all activities and rest. Compression on the affected areas of the body can also be helpful, at times. A light wrap in the form of tape or bandage will aid in preventing fluid accumulation. Physiologists and therapists recommend moving around a little, once the swelling and pain has subsided. Their primary aim is to ensure that you return to daily activities with full range of motion. Physical therapy is another important part of orthopedic rehabilitation. It comprises of exercises which...
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Points To Consider When Choosing A Rehabilitation Facility

After suffering from a cardiac or neurological problem, it is essential for patients to get ample and safe therapy. This enables their swift recovery so that they can regain their freedom of movement and mobility. Thus, it becomes essential to choose the right rehabilitation facility for ensuring the best possible treatment and care for patients. Choosing a top-notch rehab center becomes an essential consideration for the future, for both you and your loved one! Before choosing a rehabilitation program, it is important to take note of the quality of care. This factor will help you in choosing the right rehab facility for taking care of a patient’s neurological or cardiac problem. Here are a few ways with the help of which you can make the necessary decision – • Developing treatment plans–This is an essential point which you must discuss before beginning the rehab program. Physicians and specialists will provide you with a detailed treatment plan where you may have to work with speech/language, swallow, occupational, physical and psychological therapists under supervision with a target oriented approach. • Specific programs – A patient-centric rehabilitation plan will always cater to the patient’s requirements. It will ensure that they get back to...
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Benefits of Rehabilitation Technology for Stroke Patients

A stroke attack can come as an immense shock to the affected person and their family members. It affects your life and the normal routine goes for a toss. In such cases, choosing the right rehabilitation facility becomes an integral factor. By doing so, patients will be able to obtain faster recovery and can learn to live in a new way. Another essential point is whether rehab facilities utilize new technologies for improving the condition of stroke patients. This is important because progress in health can only be possible with the availability of advanced technological equipment. Some of the interesting technologies which several rehabilitation hospitals have adopted are the following – Electrical Stimulation–This technology has been a constant when it comes to rehabilitation and is helpful for pain management. It also enables the improvement of patient’s motor and their overall functional mobility. Equipment and units with electrical stimulation further boost gait velocity, weight shift along with enhancing sensory awareness. These units also decrease the risk of spasticity and falls in patients. Body Weight Support Units–At times, gravity becomes a hindrance for stroke patients. Paralyzed or weak limbs, after the attack, require extra support for movement. With Body Weight Support Systems,...
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