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Stroke Rehabilitation: All you need to know

Stroke is a medical condition in which excess or lack of blood flow into the brain results in the death of cells. The two main types of stroke are Hemorrhagic and Ischaemic. From the onset of the basic symptoms like inability to move, slurred speech, blurred vision, inability to understand, reeling of the head, and sudden blackout, patients affected with stroke must be rushed to the hospital intensive care unit. However,  along with immediate medical treatment, post-hospitalisation treatment that involves long-term rehabilitation programmes must be conducted to help recovering patients regain confidence and independence to carry on with their lives. A patient, who has undergone medical treatment for stroke, must be admitted to a post-medical rehabilitation care unit as soon as they are released from the hospital. The first few days after release from the hospital play a vital role in shaping the road to recovery. Depending on the severity of the stroke, rehabilitation units may include – An in-patient therapy unit in the hospital A sub-acute care unit A rehabilitation hospital with customised inpatient therapy Long-term nursing care Rehabilitation processes depend on the type and intensity of stroke. The therapies that are involved in stroke rehabilitation are: Physical Activities                                                                                                                          Motor-skill...
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Stroke: Warning Signs, Symptoms, and Treatments

Stroke is a condition in which excess or lack of blood flow to the brain causes death of the brain cells. The two main types of stroke are Ischaemic; which is caused due to lack of blood flow, and hemorrhagic; which is caused due to excess blood flow. Stroke has some standard warning signs or symptoms, which must be recognised timely for proper treatment and recovery. Warning signs or symptoms of stroke: It is vital to remember the main warning signs of stroke. It is easy to remember if one memorises the word, FAST. This word is formed out of the first letters of the general method of stroke detection. F – Face Drooping A – Arm Weakness S –Speech Difficulty T – Time to call Emergency Services It is extremely important to call an ambulance immediately as a possible stroke is predicted, even if one is not completely sure. It is always better to be safe than to be sorry. Other major symptoms of stroke include: Paralysis on one side of the body Difficulty in understanding simple things Dizziness Blurred vision Loss of balance Severe headache Loss of consciousness Medical treatments after a stroke attack: Stroke can be treated...
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How to prevent a stroke?

Stroke is a situation in which the quantity of blood flow to the brain is distorted, which results in the death of brain cells. To work towards prevention of stroke, one must keep in mind its causes and risk factors. Diet: To keep the brain active and functional, a healthy combination of vitamins, minerals, and fibre is required. A good balance of all the nutrients, taken in on a regular basis, keeps the brain and body fit. Exercise: Healthy food might be one of the most important aspects of good health, but it is not the sole aspect. Exercise is vital to the maintenance of a healthy body and physique. Physical movement allows the food to be digested in a systematic pattern. This further enables the brain cells to function. After all, the brain and the body are connected, and the cells keep live going. Alcohol: Overdose of alcohol is a slow killer. Alcohol, if consumed more than the prescribed limit, leads to damage to the liver and an increase in blood pressure. This leads to an abnormal rush of blood in the brain, which results in the death of brain cells. Smoking: One of the greatest threats to positive...
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Rehabilitation for patients recovering from Cerebral attack

A cerebral attack is a serious form of stroke that leaves patients under the supervision of surgeons and physicians for months. However, when there is a will, there is a way. It is possible for patients to revert to their former independent lives with the support of a holistic and patient-centric stroke rehabilitation program. Stroke rehabilitation after suffering a cerebral attack involves the following categories: • Speech and swallow therapy – This therapy helps regain smooth operation of language, chewing, and swallowing, which become sedated after a cerebral attack. This rehabilitation entails language therapy, voice training, fluency development training, swallowing examination, therapy and training. • Cognitive behavior therapy – This is conducted to reinstate proper behavioural techniques that are distorted post stroke. This therapy deals with cognitive disorders, communication disorders, psychological evaluation and treatment. • Occupational therapy – This is a rehabilitation process that helps improve motor skills and hand-eye coordination through occupational activities. The activities that are conducted by therapist are supported by functional electrical stimulation, robotic technology, wireless technology, and virtual reality. • Physiotherapy– This is a rehabilitation process that is conducted in the form of phases of physical exercises that help regain strength, mobility, and independent balance....
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Rehabilitation For Children Facing Developmental Delays

Developmental delay is a situation in which toddlers do not attain the desirable level of physical and mental development, as per their age. Holistic development among children might get delayed due to certain medical conditions or unknown reasons. Children, whose health development gets stalled, may be treated through rehabilitation processes so that they can catch up with the others of their age and gain confidence to move on with their regular activities. Categories of Developmental Delays among Children: - Speech Delay - Eating and Swallowing Disorders - Developmental disorders: Orthopaedic Conditions, Neurological Conditions, Movement Disorders There are some developmental delays that are mild and some that are more serious. However, all of these categories can be treated through effective communication with the patients and their parents, along with following the correct processes in rehabilitation. Rehabilitation Processes for Treating Children with Developmental Delays: Speech and Language Therapy: This therapy treats children facing difficulty in speaking, communicating ideas, understanding concepts, and putting words together to form sentences. The specific health areas that this therapeutic process deals with are autism, birth defects, cognitive delays, excessive drooling, swallowing disorders, weak oral muscles, hearing impairments, and effects of traumatic brain injuries. Therapy includes speech training,...
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Trusted partner in the road to recovery – Testimonial shared by Mrs. Goswami

At ApoKos, we believe in a humane touch along with professional medical therapies that are conducted to help patients regain their former independent selves. The personal and family-like care provided to patients at our rehabilitation centre, is an integral part of our programme that aims to achieve the best results for the patients and their family members. ApoKos believes in nurturing lives and helping every person live with dignity and as much independence as possible. Here is a touching story of Mr. Binode Goswami, who suffered a massive life altering stroke. With the strong support of his wife and the services of ApoKos, today he is able to live almost like his days prior to the illness. Let us take you through the wonderful narrative provided by Mrs. Goswami, to help you understand our mission at ApoKos. "Once in a while, we are given a special gift-- a gift that has meaning, a gift that cares, and a gift that truly impacts one's life. APOKOS Rehabilitation Hospital has been that gift to us. A massive brain stroke in September 2016 reduced my husband to a faint shadow of his former self. His justify side was totally paralysed making him almost...
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Speech and Swallow Therapy in Rehabilitative Care

Patients ranging from pediatrics to geriatrics sometimes require speech and swallow therapy owing to an injury or ailment suffered or a pre-existing condition. Typically, patients with speech and swallow therapy have difficulty in effective communication and nutrition intake, which can hinder their life further. Therefore, every comprehensive post-acute care rehabilitation program should incorporate effective speech and swallow therapy if the patient exhibits such deficit. Two categories of speech and swallow therapy - Adult speech and swallowing therapy: This is usually conducted in cases of stroke, traumatic brain injury, nerologic disorders, tumors, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), srtictures, and diverticula. Paediatric speech and swallowing therapy: This is conducted in the most common speech issues, which are articulation and language disorders, and some swallowing issues like reflux, food aversions, tongue thrust, and dysphagia. What does speech and swallow therapy entail? The level of deficiencies vary from one patient to another. A thorough assessment of the patient’s condition is thus essential before a prognosis can be arrived at, which will cater to their requirements.  A speech and swallowing rehab plan involves the following therapies: Speech production improvement Computer aided speech therapy Language therapy Training for fluency development Voice improvement Swallowing therapy Who should undergo...
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Rehabilitative Care After Total Knee Replacement

Total knee replacement is a surgical method of restoring the functional aspect of the joints. The surgery, which involves replacing the knee joints with metal balls, reduces long-term pain in the knees that occur due to depreciation in bone health during old age. In order to regain physical balance and independence after total knee replacement, periodic orthopaedic rehabilitative care is necessary. This is the predominant type of rehabilitation programme that helps patients  after total knee replacement recover and regain independence. Orthopaedic rehabilitation programme is conducted by an interdisciplinary team, through a multidisciplinary treatment approach that involves occupational therapy. The interdisciplinary team consists of expert therapists who assess the patients' mobility, physical ability, motor control, medical status, and psychological determination. Physical Therapy: This is a set of pain relieving therapeutic processes that involve moving the limbs gently in order to release pressure from the centre of the joint towards its surrounding areas. Such movement results in balancing out the pain and gradually helping in regaining mobility. Mild massage is also provided to the patients to relax their skeletal-muscular system and ease its function. It involves physical toning of the muscles, which in turn relax the bones lying beneath them. Postural Re-orientation:...
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Diet In Geriatric Rehabilitation

Going through rehabilitation procedures at an old age can be difficult for patients due to both physical and mental weakness. A well balanced and healthy diet is extremely necessary for development and regeneration of the cells in the body, so that rehabilitation has a positive effect on the system. Every form of rehabilitation entails a long term procedure that involves different types of exercises, counselling, and intake of healthy food along with regular medicines. Every elderly person going through a rehabilitation procedure must follow a proper diet chart in order to maintain proficient health conditions ever after the procedure is completed. Here are a few tips to help you build a diet chart with accordance to your health requirements during and after rehabilitation procedures.   Food Rich in Minerals - Minerals like calcium, iron, potassium, and zinc restore the body’s energy levels and ensure proper functioning of the brain. Calcium has a special property of keeping the bone health and density intact. Foods rich in minerals must be consumed on a daily basis, so that health problems related to old age can be kept at bay. Such foods include bananas, milk, yoghurt, watermelons, apples, beans, lentils, Bengal gram, whole grains,...
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Rehabilitation in Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer's disease is a common and intense mental degeneration that mostly occurs among the elderly. This disease causes a person to lose track of regular life affairs and forget everything that was once held in high esteem. Recent incidents, acquaintances, and visited places often escape the mind. A person suffering from Alzheimer's disease even fails to recognise close connections like family and friends. A comprehensive and holistic rehabilitation procedure helps the patient cope with regular life in terms of performing activities that are to a certain extent independent of others. Rehabilitation in Alzheimer's disease differs from one person to another, based on the symptoms during extreme cases. However, there are specific guidelines that are followed throughout the general course of rehabilitation for such patients. Physical Exercises and Activities: Patients are treated by therapists on a regular basis, who train them to carry out easy physical exercises so that their bodies regain the energy that is lost due to daily mental fatigue. Exercises and physical therapies rejuvenate the body's central nervous, skeletal, and muscular system, thereby attempting to cease further depreciation of the brain cells. Similar and Rewarding Activities: Therapists make the patients carry out certain important activities on a regular...
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