June 2019 - ApoKOS Rehabilitation
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Archive for June 2019

Rehabilitation in Lumbar Spine Injuries

An intense force on the waist might lead to a lumbar spine injury which involves the five vertebrae between the rib cage and the pelvis. The lumbar spine refers to the lowest portion of the spinal cord, consisting of the five vertebrae (L1-L5) below the thoracic section and above the minor sacral spine section. Symptoms of lumbar spine injury can range from mild pain to paraplegia with loss of function in lower limbs. With the proper recuperative measures through rehabilitation, patients can regain their independence and increase their strength and mobility. Lumbar spine rehabilitation focuses on strengthening lumbar muscles. Core exercises are done to enable spinal stabilization. An intense rehabilitation for patients who have undergone lumbar spine injuries generally involves the following treatment modalities. Core muscle strengthening: Strengthening exercises are carried out along with psychological assessment, for a holistic recovery. Human muscles are comprised of two types of muscle fibres namely slow/aerobic and fast/anaerobic. Posture and antigravity functions of the body are largely determined by slow muscle fibres whereas actions related to agility and strength are governed by the fast muscle fibres. A proper exercise program corrects muscular imbalance, leads to recruitment of muscle fibres, and strengthens muscles which helps...
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How rehabilitation helps CABG patients

WHAT IS CABG? Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is the type of surgery that is performed on individuals with severe coronary heart disease (CHD) or coronary artery disease. The coronary arteries supply oxygenated blood to the heart muscles. In people suffering from CHD plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries. The plaque is an amalgamation of fat, cholesterol, calcium and other particles. Owing to the presence of plaque in the arteries, the normal blood flow to the heart is restricted. The reduction in blood flow because of narrowing of coronary arteries can lead to chest pain, angina, shortness of breath and even heart attack. During the CABG procedure, a healthy (plaque-free) coronary artery is connected or grafted to the blocked artery. This grafted artery or vein creates a new passage for the oxygen-rich blood to reach the heart muscles and the danger is obviated. Thus a CABG procedure creates a bypass with the healthy artery around the blocked coronary artery. REHABILITATION FOR PATIENTS AFTER CABG Cardiac rehabilitation is usually sought out by patients after they undergo a CABG procedure. Post- CABG, rehabilitation is administered to patients, which involve a systematic assessment of the patient’s physical and psychological aspects. The team...
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