January 2017 - ApoKos Rehabilitation
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Archive for January 2017

The Role of Occupational Therapist in Rehabilitation

The primary aim of rehabilitation is to ensure that patients lead an independent and contented life. Patients often seek rehabilitative care, after their visit to the hospital, so that they can regain independence. With occupational therapy, recovering and developing skills required for performing activities of daily living independently or with minimal assistance becomes possible.

Occupational therapy can be immensely beneficial for patients who are recovering from spinal cord injuries, stroke, traumatic brain injuries, patients having developmental delays, and patients undergoing upper limb surgeries. Some of the positive aspects when it comes to this intensive rehabilitation therapy are mentioned below –

  • The patients first receive therapy that helps in recovery of functions in weak upper limbs.
  • Patients, in whom regaining function in upper limbs is not possible, are taught compensatory techniques to perform their functions with the better hand with the use of assistive devices.
  • Therapists help patients to adapt and work in different environments and settings. Aiding patients in engaging and adapting themselves in varied activities is essential for the rehab specialists.
  • Children having developmental issues and who are affected by behavioral issues like autism and attention deficit hyperactive disorder are immensely benefitted by sensory integration techniques, applied behavioral analysis and self help techniques taught to them by an occupational therapist.
  • This patient-centric therapy focuses on the overall functionality of the patient. When occupational therapy is combined with physical therapy, the patient is able to regain their strength and mobility.
  • Providing patients with suitable assistive technology support and devices is another responsibility of occupational therapists. Other primary concerns include reducing the environmental barriers for patients so that it doesn’t limit their participation in community based activities.

The desired outcome of occupational therapy is to ensure that patients learn to be independent, as much as possible. Developing and utilizing adaptive technologies so that patients can perform routine activities without difficulty.

At ApoKOS Rehabilitation Hospital, assisting patients in improving their abilities and providing them an integrated therapy plan is crucial for specialists. Helping patients perform activities with regard to their personal hygiene, their fitness and other routine activities are some of the crucial responsibilities of the rehab therapists, here.

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Points to consider for choosing the right Mobility Assistive Device

Mobility Assisting Equipment like crutches, walkers, canes, electronic and manual wheelchairs are an essential part of rehabilitation. Be it a severe neurological condition or an orthopedic injury, rehabilitation experts will prescribe patients the appropriate mobility device for early and safe mobility of the patient.

This vital piece of equipment is important for the health and independence of patients. The selection of this equipment depends on certain factors based on the patient’s –

  • Cognitive aspects
  • Current functional status
  • Past and current medical history
  • Recent changes in their medical condition

The rehab team will select the optimal mobility assistive device for patients, after considering the environment in which they will be using it. Taking into consideration the patient’s mobility limitations and their impact on activities of daily living, here are a few essential points –

  1. Physicians will assess and examine patient’s strength and range of motion of his joints. This is because cases of spasticity, joint abnormalities, weakness, and contractures affect their ability to ambulate and transfer safely.
  2. A crutch, cane , or walker is advised after taking in account the height , strength of upper extremity muscles and available range of motion of joints .
  3. Crucial features of the wheelchair will have an effect on the ability of transferring in and out of the wheel chair or moving from one place to another. Hence, the height, armrests, foot support of the wheelchair should be comfortable for patients.
  4. Ability of a person to self propel the wheel chair , relieve pressure , navigate thresh holds will decide the type of wheel chair and the quality of seating system for prevention of bed sores and easy ambulation.

Choosing a wheeled mobility device entails many a consideration. The device’s functionality, aesthetic aspect and it’s assistance in helping patients regain their movement are critical factors. At ApoKos Rehabilitation Hospital, specialists select the appropriate assistive device that works on their range of movement. Prescribing patients with a device that offers greater reliability and, flexible functionality is essential for the rehabilitation team.

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