December 2016 - ApoKos Rehabilitation
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Archive for December 2016

Understanding the Varied Aspects of Pressure Sores or Bed Sores

Pressure sores are a common problem for patients who have been immobilized for a long period of time. These sores are  wounds on body where too much pressure is put on the skin surface.

Such pressure injuries usually occur on pressure bearing areas of the body. It is also essential to understand that these wounds are not accidental and can be quite painful and have overall inhibitory affect on the recovery of the patient. Hence, it becomes essential to know the symptoms, causes and treatment aspects of these wounds.

Identify the signs –

  1. The first warning sign can be erythema or reddened skin which appears in skin areas sustaining maximum pressure from either a wheelchair cushion or bed mattress.
  2. It is very important to identify the location of these pressure sores, as well. Such wounds mainly occur in areas like occiput, elbows, shoulder blades, hip, lower back, heels, internal and anterior part of the knee.
  3. Medical attention becomes necessary as soon as a non subsiding erythema sets in.
  4. If the wound starts darkening and is accompanied with the presence of drainage and dead tissue, consult the healthcare provider immediately.

Know the causes –

  • Physical factors are among the primary reason for pressure sores. It exerts unnecessary duress in the body’s pressure points along with shearing friction. Repeated friction and increased pressure thus leads to degeneration of the skin .
  • Certain internal factors like anemia ,poor nutrition , poor blood supply also hastens the occurance of pressure sores.
  • Certain external factors like foreign bodies, moisture, bandages, medical adhesives can also intensify the occurrence of pressure sores.

Obtain treatment –

  • Doctor-supervised rehabilitation can be quite helpful for treating pressure sores. These specialists ensure the application of rigorous methods for preventing such wounds.
  • Getting screened for these sores, at an early stage, will be beneficial for you and the rehab team.
  • Daily monitoring and examination of the affected areas is vital. The rehabilitation team will also recommend that changing positions frequently can be beneficial for bed ridden patients. This helps in relieving pressure on the affected skin area.
  • Regular dressing of a wound and maintaining a dry environment is needed for deep wounds.
  • Late stage pressure sores require tissue grafting.

For helping patients in coping better with their condition, ApoKos Rehabilitation Hospital provides different types of beds like nimbus, alpha, etc.  which are either water-filled or air-filled mattress. The mattresses help in better positioning of the patient in the bed and aid in protecting vulnerable areas of the body from pressure sores.

 

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Benefit of Rehabilitation for Spinal Injuries

Any damage to the spinal cord can be detrimental for your health. It can result in considerable loss of different functions be it sensation, tone and power of muscles, bladder and bowel dysfunctions. Hence, it becomes necessary to ensure proper and timely treatment. This is because the usage of correct techniques for treating the patient can accelerate the recovery and result in a better outcome.

With a robust, patient-centric rehab program, ensuring the successful transition of patients from the hospital to their routine life becomes easy. Specialists always recommend that a proper, well-tailored rehabilitation program is necessary for improving the patient’s life.

Below mentioned are the benefits of rehabilitation for Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) patients

  • Physical therapy is an integral part of the rehabilitation program. It helps in facilitating the restoration of flexibility and muscle strength. The program also aids in improving mobility, coordination, maintaining body functions and early ambulation of the affected individual.
  • Occupational therapy is also a vital aspect as it enable patients in getting back to an independent lifestyle. This therapy encourages patients in performing daily tasks like bathing, dressing, going to the toilet, transfer in and out of bed and using aids etc.
  • Prevention and management of the various complications like pressure sores , aspiration pneumonia , recurrent urinary tract infections can go a long way in improving the quality of life and life expectancy of Spinal cord injury patients.
  • Management of neurogenic bladder and bowel and sexual rehabilitation are essential for the patient to lead a content life and help him integrate in the society without any hesitation.

Rehabilitative care focuses in stabilizing the patient’s condition, facilitate his independence and returning back to his previous life after a spinal cord injury. The rehab team stresses on the importance of an integrated and comprehensive approach using the various treatments, and prevention strategies available in today’s world.

The EKSO GT Exoskeleton helps patients in regaining their lost skills so that they can lead an independent life.  It is a technologically advanced wearable bionic suit that improves the gait, mobility and movement aspects of the patients condition. The Exoskeleton is an essential part of ApoKos Rehabilitation Hospital’s patient-centric program. With advance technology and integrated rehab services gaining independence after spinal cord injury and trauma becomes possible!

 

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Understanding the Acute Phase of a Cardiac Rehab Program

An intensive and structured cardiac rehabilitation program always helps patients in regaining optimal fitness. These programs become essential especially after a patient suffers from a heart attack or other cardiac problems. The team of therapists will help in improving your functional disability along with decreasing additional risk factors.

Before opting for an inclusive and integrated rehabilitation plan, it is important to know more about the acute phase. It primarily comprises of the cardiac rehabilitation’s initial stage. It begins immediately after the patient has suffered from a cardiac event.
This phase include –

  • Assessment for inpatient cardiac rehab program.
  •  Evaluation for exercise testing.
  •  Medical therapy.
  • Occupational therapy.
  • Classifying risk of cardiac events during exercise.
  • Cardio pulmonary exercise training with monitoring, prescribing safe exercises which aid in improving mobility and overall cardiac fitness. Such exercises often entail self-care and range-of-motion exercises for patients.
  • As these rehab plans are inclusive and patient-centric, the involvement of family becomes mandatory. In this case, family members are educated about the patient’s condition, the probable benefits and risks of rehabilitative therapy.

Helping patients engage in activities which they can perform in regular life is a vital aspect of cardiac rehabilitation programs. Educating patients and their family also becomes important as they get to know about specific heart-related problems, exercises and activities. They are also educated about other aspects like risk factors, lifestyle changes, nutrition, and emergency planning.

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Taking Care of Orthopedic Injuries & Trauma With Rehabilitation

Orthopedic trauma is not uncommon or unheard of! Be it a sports related injury or a slip and fall accident, such mishaps can put a halt to your regular activities. Even after being careful and taking precautionary methods for preventing injuries, you might end up getting hurt.

By responding appropriately to your injuries, you can get back to routine life, as early as possible. If the wounds and discomfort are serious, then opting for a comprehensive rehabilitation program might work wonders for you! Here are a few important points to keep in mind –

  • Too much exertion on the affected areas will only cause more discomfort. If you experience unnecessary muscle fatigue or throbbing in the injured area, then stop all activities and rest.
  • Compression on the affected areas of the body can also be helpful, at times. A light wrap in the form of tape or bandage will aid in preventing fluid accumulation.
  • Physiologists and therapists recommend moving around a little, once the swelling and pain has subsided. Their primary aim is to ensure that you return to daily activities with full range of motion.
  • Physical therapy is another important part of orthopedic rehabilitation. It comprises of exercises which improves your gait, balance and strength.

When an orthopedic injury starts bothering you and if the pain is unbearable, it is always better to seek medical help followed by rehabilitation. Specialists also help in choosing the right assistive devices like walker, cane or crutches which enable you to move around smoothly.

It is crucial to remember that orthopedic rehabilitative care goes a long way in helping you regain proper skills and movement. Whether it be torn muscles, hip replacement or spine injury, undergoing rehabilitation and therapy becomes mandatory. An intensive rehab program will help you in healing quickly and ensure that you get back to normal activities, without much pain.

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