September 2016 - ApoKos Rehabilitation
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Archive for September 2016

Why Rehabilitation is Important for Patients with Brain Injury?

Accidents like car crashes, falls and blows to the head can cause severe damage to the brain tissueleading to disruption of your life. Such a serious injury can affect the brain and the patient’sability of thinking, socializing, and moving.
It is important to be aware of the symptoms of brain injury before the diagnosis and treatment procedures begin. These include –
1. Physical –Weakness in hands and legs can result indifferent kinds of difficulties like walking, standing, sitting, moving, balancing, disuse atrophy,and spasticity. It also results in the inability to speak and swallow.
2. Sensory–Facing problems in sense of touch, hearing and vision.
3. Cognitive – Inability in paying attention, performing simple tasks or remembering and personality changes.
With proper rehabilitative care and optimal therapy, improvement of the above-mentioned conditions is indeed possible. A rehabilitation program will help you in numerous ways for enhancing your physical independence. Setting realistic goals is necessary as it will ensure swift recovery and will further help in making regular tasks easier for you!
Rehabilitation entails appropriate task-specific exercise. These includetraining in activities of daily living, electrotherapy, psychological counseling, robotic training, use of orthotics, etc. Also part of the rehab program is speech and swallow therapy, prevention and treatment of secondary complications. Your condition can improve in the following ways with proper physical therapy and rehabilitation –
• Progress in moving or standing without support
• Improvement in joint and muscle flexibility
• Restoring functional abilities likeeating, talking,dressing, using toilets, bathing,speech
• Simplifying activities which require balancing and coordination
• Enhancing energy and strength along with diminishing fatigue
• Easing the return to fitness activities like sports, exercise etc.
In the initial days, after the brain injury, you might need assistance for performing simple activities like eating, getting out of bed, etc. As therapy progresses patients are made to perform more complex tasks, sometimes with the assistance of orthosis and assistive devices.
Thus, the prime aim of rehabilitationis to lessen the paralyzing effects which can be a result of severe brain injury. Rehabilitation programs also help in restoring the social, professional, family life of patient to the maximum possible extent in the shortest possible time.

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Cardiac Rehabilitation Enables You To Perform Daily Activities

Heart surgery or acute coronary syndromes are life-altering events which can have a severe impact on you. It affects both the physical and mental aspects of your life. And once you reach the recuperation stage after the treatment, you would certainly want to get back to regular life.
However, resuming daily activities immediately after a serious cardiac problem can be a little difficult. This is because a number of other diseases and factors exist in a patient which determines the resumption of physical activities. These are –
• Severity of the heart problem
• Type of the treatment process
• Age of the person affected
Creating a guided rehab program by physiatrist can be easy if they are familiar with the patient’s history. They will also advise you to participate in certain monitored and graded physical activities which will enable easy recovery.
Here are a few benefits as to how supervised cardiac rehabilitation makes physical activities simple for you –
1. While undergoing the rehab program, early resumption of daily activities becomes possible. Hence, the patient is able to return to professional and personal life in a short time as it lessens the total number of loss of productive work hours.
2. Such therapies alter the way you live your life. Standing straight and walking after a crippling chest injury or heart attack will no longer be difficult for you.
3. You will notice an overall improvement during the prognosis stage. It aids in decreasing the chances of further complications.
4. Your quality of life will improve and in the long term, it will also reduce the overall burden of the treatment.
5. Cardiac rehab further includes education of modifiable risk factors which can also help in decreasing risk factors.
You can always ask your family and friends to help you cope with the emotional, psychological and physical aspects of your condition. Cardiac rehab becomes crucial after a serious heart problem as it educates you about the risk factors, lifestyle changes and your heart’s condition.

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The Role of Rehabilitation Experts in the Life of Spine Injury Patients

With a variety of treatment options, enabling spinal injury patients to regain their independence is possible. After the acute treatment phase, the comprehensive rehabilitation phase begins. The primary goal of this phase is to ensure that patients regain as much function as possible. It is important to note that patients face problem due to restricted range of motion. Maximizing their functional independence, thus, becomes of utmost importance. The rehabilitation plan includes –
• Helping patients in understanding the extent of their injuries and the creating a suitable rehabilitation program for them.
• Enabling patients in becoming independent so that they can perform everyday activities like eating, bathing, dressing, etc. with ease.
A comprehensive rehabilitation program comprises of a multidisciplinary approach. The team of rehab specialists creates therapies that help in preventing secondary complications and improves physical functioning. With the help of the following rehab experts, patients suffering from spinal cord injuries can improve their disabilities in several ways –
PhysicalTherapists – These experts work with the patient for improving mobility difficulties and functionality of lower extremity.
Rehabilitationnurses – The team of nurses help patients in dealing with issues of pressure ulcers, bed sores, bladder and bowel dysfunction.
Speech and Language Pathologists–These therapists address the difficulties of swallowing and communication.
Psychologists– They assist patients in dealing with the behavioral, emotional concerns. They also help patients in addressing possible cognitive dysfunctions.
Before going forth with the spine injury rehabilitation therapy, it is important to note it is an inclusive and integrated program. This primarily means that including family members and friends in the rehab program will enable effective and swift recovery for patients.
The physiatrists play a crucial role when it comes to the betterment of a patient’s health. These specialists are physicians who deal with aspects of rehabilitation and graded exercise programs. Helping patients in achieving independence is the main goal of these rehab specialists.
An ideal spine injury rehabilitation program helps the affected person in relearning daily living skills. Hence, it becomes imperative for specialists to help the survivors in coping with complications of their injury and condition.

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Understanding Post-Stroke Side-Effects & Limitations

The best possible recovery after a stroke attack can be achievable with integrated rehabilitation. It is essential to note that a stroke attack can have diverse, limiting effects on different people. Hence, it becomes important to be aware of the limitations and side-effects, post stroke.

With a patient-centric medical treatment plan, you can regain mobility, return back to regular activities and lead an independent life. Mentioned below are some of the side-effects which you might be affected with, after the stroke –

  • Difficulty in Speech and Swallowing – A stroke can affect certain parts of your brain which can result in the poor coordination between the brain and muscles. This further affects the ability to swallow. You can have problems in coughing, drinking and eating. Speech issues can also crop up where you won’t be able to pronounce or even speak properly.
  • Fatigue and Sleep problems – This is a common effect which Post-Stroke patients face. Sleep disorder is another issue that is quite prevalent among patients. There can be changes in the sleep patterns which can affect the sleep cycle of patients. Performing simple tasks will also become problematic due to tiredness and fatigue.
  • Spasticity of Muscles –Increased tightness in the different groups of muscles is another limitation. It especially affects the upper and lower limbs which may lead to deformities and restriction of activities.
  • Cognitive Dysfunction – Behavioral changes, feelings of depression, anxiety, mood swings are some common effects, post-stroke. Coping with your emotions can also become difficult, which can alter your personality, as well. Memory impairment can be another issue.
  • Pain–Shoulder-hand syndrome can be another possibility, after the stroke. Pain in shoulder and arms occur due to complications in stroke. Weakness in certain body parts and muscles is also common. Some patients even suffer from throbbing headaches.

Bed sores and ulcers occur in exposed areas of the body like back and heel. Incoordination of hand movement, and balance problems are also possible.

The above-mentioned symptoms or side-effects are treatable with appropriately planned rehabilitation and therapy. Working with speech therapists is an integral part of Speech and Swallow therapy. Occupational therapy will help patients in performing daily activities without hassle. Pain management is an essential aspect of Stroke rehabilitation as it helps in controlling and improving the discomforting sensation of body muscles. Physical therapy and Orthosis enable you in regaining independence and help in enhancing mobility.

With a comprehensive, supervised rehabilitation program, getting back to regular life after a stroke is indeed possible.

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Getting Back to Regular Life with Post-Stroke Therapy

A sudden stroke attack can affect your body and health differently. It can have a severe impact on the emotional, physical and social aspects of your life. It is essential to make necessary changes in your lifestyle for preventing future strokes. Hence, it becomes important to opt for an optimal rehabilitation program, especially post-stroke.

Rehabilitation becomes vital for a stroke-affected patient as it helps them live independently. Post-stroke rehabilitation therapy must entail an active approach which helps you in adjusting to new limitations and other health conditions. Here are some crucial pointers you need to remember about the intensive therapy –

Cognitive Function – Behavioral aspects like cognitive and sensory-motor of the patient that aid in enhancing your motor-activity will be taken into consideration. Psychological evaluation is required for assessing emotional adjustment, after suffering from stroke. Offering integrated treatment for correcting communication disorders like listening, speaking, comprehension and writing is essential.

Physical Movement – It is imperative for rehab-specialized doctors to strengthen the motor skills of stroke-affected patients. This includes exercise routines which enhance muscle coordination and strength. Mobility training is a fundamental part of therapy as it focuses on the usage of walking aids like canes and walkers. Such equipment supports your body weight so that you can walk easily.

Technology-Assisted Activities – Robotic devices are becoming popular in rehabilitation facilities. With such advanced aids, performing daily activities involving repetitive motions become hassle-free. It further aids in improving motor skills and provides strength to weakened muscles. Several computer-based therapy programs include video-games which make hand or leg movement easier for patients.

There are several therapeutic programs which strengthen your range-of-motion. Such treatments effectively diminish spasticity or muscle tension. Post-stroke rehabilitation should begin early as it enables swift restoring of lost skills and abilities. For stroke survivors, it is crucial for them to also implement certain immediate lifestyle changes which are as follows –

1. Reducing alcohol intake
2. Quitting smoking
3. Consuming a healthy, low-fat diet
4. Maintaining a daily workout regime

Setting realistic and long-term recovery goals should be the prime responsibility of rehab specialists. Prescribing appropriate medication, assigning the correct assistive aids to stroke patients and providing them with a comprehensive exercise routine is essential for the specialized caregivers at ApoKos.

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